Awesome Tankers Blog FastTip#55

FrankJScott
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Awesome Tankers Blog FastTip#55

Message par FrankJScott » 27 oct. 2021, 16:58

The general purpose and use of Seagoing Bulk Carriers

Operation of sea-going bulk carriers posed a number of risks. It is important to plan carefully and exercise caution for all critical shipboard matters are important . This site provides quick guidance to the international shipping community as well as information on loading and discharging various bulk cargo types. It is important to remain within the limitations set out by the classification organization. It is essential to not stress the structural integrity of the ship and adhere to all safety rules to ensure safe sea passage. Our detail pages cover various bulk carrier-related subjects that might be of interest to those working on board or ashore at the terminal.

General characteristics of seagoing bulk carriers
Bulk carriers, or single-deck vessels with top-side tanks or hopper side tanks within cargo spaces, are made to transport bulk cargo from a one commodity. Anything that isn't gas or liquid, but is a solid bulk cargo, that is any material consisting of a mix of granules and/or mixtures, or any other substance with an uniform composition. It is able to be loaded directly into the cargo area of a vessel and does not require containment. Dry cargo comprises bulk grains, sugar, and even minerals. Bulk carrier, when understood in its broadest sense is a term used to describe all vessels which are designed specifically to transport bulk cargo like liquid cargo or solid cargo. Tankers would also be included. However, in normal usage, the term is usually used to describe vessels that transport bulk cargos of solid goods, like grain and other agricultural goods in addition to mineral products like coal, ore, or stone for a few or one travel legs. Click over to this dry bulk cargo site for more.

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What Is A Bulk-Carrier The Main Characteristics Of Bulk Carriers Are:

"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"

-Carrying capacity varying from 3,000 tonnes to 300,000 tonnes
Average speed of 12 to 15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Carriers from small to medium size (carrying up to up to 40,000 tonnes) typically include cargo handling equipment. Larger vessels do not, however, have docks to unload and load.
The cargo holds are typically large, without any obstructions, with larger hatch sizes to allow easy loading/unloading of cargoes
-Ballast holds are a common feature of bulk carriers. It can be utilized for ballast voyages to improve stability. It is also possible to ballast in part, but this is only for ports.
They are covered with single pull or hydraulic, or stacking (piggyback) kind of steel hatch covers
Ballast tanks of different types
Sloping topside wing tanks
Sloping bottom side wing tank
Double bottom tanks
The ballast tank is a peak and then a later peak tank.

Bulk solid cargo? Any substance, other than gas or liquid, that is composed of a mix of particles, granules or any larger pieces of material, generally homogenous in composition and loaded straight into the cargo spaces without any intermediate type of confinement. It is essential to make sure that all cargoes are ready to be loaded, regardless of whether they're "clean" or "dirty", and that there is no contamination. A surveyor will often be required to look over the area and determine if it's suitable for loading. It is essential that remnants of prior cargo are cleared away to ensure that no contamination will occur. The majority of damage to bulk cargo is caused by water. To prevent water ingress the hatch covers need to be watertight. All fittings in the storage area (ladders, pipe guards and bilge pipes.) must be examined. All fittings within the hold (pipe guards, bilge covers, etc.) must be checked to make sure they are in proper condition and securely fastened. This equipment may cause serious damages and delay to conveyor belts. Inadvertent discharge of cargo could cause the ship to be accountable. Have a look at this ore carrier blog for more.

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Bulk Carrier, Bulker The vessel is designed to transport dry cargo. Traditional bulk carriers are built with a single deck with a single skin, a double bottom and side tanks for hoppers. Topside tanks inside cargo spaces are also included. Bulk carriers are designed to carry the maximum deadweight for any bulk cargo including heavy ore and light grain . The process of loading, carrying and then releasing dry bulk cargo can be more complex than most people think.

Gearless Bulk Carrier
Many bulk cargoes may contain hazardous substances or undergo changes in transport. The ship can be easily damaged by incorrect loading e.g. Improper loading could result in the ship breaking if you load a forward hold at its highest. This is called stress? This can have severe consequences for the sea's life during adverse weather conditions. Last cargoes can be adversely affected by residues from previous cargoes. Certain bulk cargoes could be affected by water damage. cement power. It can be difficult to confirm the cargoes that are loaded or discharged. These factors have serious implications for the operation of bulk cargoes. Discharging bulk cargo using? Bulk cargoes tend to form a cone when they are loaded on conveyor belts. The angle at which this cone develops is known as the angle, or repose'. It varies for each cargo. Iron ore-based cargoes for instance, will create an angle-shaped cone. The cargo that is able to move around freely will result in the cone with a narrow angle. A cargo that is low in angle of repose is at risk of possibility of shifting in transit. As the cargo gets closer to the point of completion, bulldozers may be necessary to distribute the load within the hold. Dry bulk carriers typically have to use facilities at shore to load cargo and discharge it. However certain bulk carriers come with self-unloading facilities like conveyors beneath cargo holds or cranes that go up deck.

ontological3295350
Messages : 1
Inscription : 30 oct. 2021, 16:23

Filled, ch 3

Message par ontological3295350 » 30 oct. 2021, 16:36

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